本站原创 2004-07-05 08:36 浏览3519次
"We shape our buildings and afterwards our buildings shape us. " [b]Explain what you think this statement means and discuss the extent to which [b]you do or do not agree with it. Support your views with reasons and/or [b]specific examples from your experience, observations, or reading. (技术进步 [b]对人类的影响) [b][b]We are influenced by the exterior shape of buildings, as well as by the [b]arrangement of multiple buildings and by a building's various architectural [b]and aesthetic elements. While I doubt that buildings determine our [b]character or basic personality trails, I agree that they can greatly [b]influence our attitudes, moods, and even life styles. [b]On the structural and multi-structural scales, the arrangement of numerous [b]buildings can shape us in profound ways. High-density commercial districts [b]with numerous skyscrapers might result in stressful commuting, short [b]tempers, a feeling of dehumanization, and so on. A "campus" arrangement of [b]smaller, scattered buildings can promote health, well-being, and stress [b]reduction by requiring frequent brisk outdoor jaunts. Buildings with [b]multiple floors can also "shape" us, literally, by requiring exercise up [b]and down stairs. [b]As for floor plans and internal space, physical arrangement of workspaces [b]can shape workers' attitudes toward work and toward one another. Sitting in [b]small, gray cubicles lined up in militaristic rows is demoralizing, leaving [b]workers with the feeling that they are little more than impersonal cogs of [b]some office machine. But creative design of workspaces in varied [b]arrangements can create feelings of uniqueness and importance in each [b]employee. Workspace relationships that suggest some sort of hierarchy may [b]breed competitiveness among coworkers, and may encourage a more [b]bureaucratic approach to work. [b]Finally, as for aesthetic elements, the amount of light and location of [b]windows in a building can shape us in significant psychological ways. For [b]most people, daily tasks are more enjoyable in settings with plenty of [b]natural light and at least some natural scenery. Choice of colors can [b]influence our mood, concentration, and efficiency. Numerous psychological [b]studies show that different colors influence behavior, attitudes, and [b]emotions in distinctly different ways. Yellow enhances appetite, blue has a [b]tranquilizing effect, and gray is the color of choice for companies who [b]want their workers to be subservient. [b]In sum, our buildings, the space around them and the space within them, can [b]affect us in important ways that influence our outlook on life, [b]relationships with coworkers, and even physical health and well-being. [b]
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