双语:喝酒后会脸红?原来这是东亚人独有的遗传
爱语吧 2018-01-24 12:49 浏览1105次

  现实生活中,有不少人是喝了酒就脸红的,那这样的人到底能喝酒还是不能喝酒,坊间也有各种各样的说法。小编带你来了解一下吧。

  Here’s why some people turn red when they drink. It’s a condition called "alcohol flush reaction." Side effects include flushed skin, nausea, headache, and rapid heart beat.

  以下将解释为何有的人喝酒后会脸红。这种情况被称作“酒精潮红反应”。它的副作用有脸红、恶心、头痛和心跳加速。

  The cause is a buildup of acetaldehyde in the body. Acetaldehyde is highly toxic and a known carcinogen. When alcohol hits the liver, it metabolizes into acetaldehyde.

  它的原因是体内乙醛的积累。乙醛是剧毒的,且是众所周知的致癌物。当酒精进入肝脏时,它会代谢成乙醛。

  Usually, it’s quickly converted to a safer form, acetate. But people with alcohol flush reaction are different. Their body turns alcohol into acetaldehyde faster. But their liver takes more time to turn acetaldehyde into acetate.

  通常,它会迅速转化成一种更安全的形式:乙酸盐。但是喝酒脸红的人却不一样。他们的身体会更快地把酒精转化成乙醛,然而他们的肝脏地却需要更多的时间把乙醛转变成乙酸盐。

  The results are: A less intense "buzz," harsher side effects from acetaldehyde poisoning, and long-term, a higher risk of mouth and throat cancers.

  结果就是,乙醛中毒的严酷的副作用——一种不那么强烈的“嗡嗡声”,长期来看,患口腔癌和喉癌的风险较高。

  Alcohol flush reaction is a genetic condition. It’s thought to originate among the Han Chinese, in central China. Over the centuries, it has spread throughout East Asia. An estimated 1/3 of East Asians have it.

  “酒精潮红反应”是一种遗传性疾病。据信其起源于华中地区的中国汉族。几个世纪以来,它已经传遍了东亚。据估计有三分之一的东亚人有这种情况。

  Since the condition is genetic, there is no cure. The upside? Those afflicted often avoid excessive drinking and alcoholism.

  由于它是遗传性的,所以无药可治。那要如何处理呢?这些人要避免过量饮酒以及酒精中毒。


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