学会这些英语词才能愉快地点餐(双语)
沪江英语 2016-12-01 12:09 浏览796次


  

       Types of Bread

  面包

  1. Sub 潜水艇面包

  A sub is a type of long bread that's commonly used in fast food sandwiches. Many native speakers might not know this, but the sub is named after the submarine (a ship that can go underwater) because they're similar in shape. You can also call a sub a wedge, hoagie, hero, grinder or many other names, depending on where in the world you are.

  潜水艇面包是一种长面包,通常用在快餐三明治里。许多母语使用者或许不知道,但是潜水艇面包是潜艇(一种可以在水下行驶的船)命名的,因为它们在形状上很相似。你也可以称潜水艇面包为楔子面包、长条面包、大面包、grinder或许多其他名字,取决于你身在何处。

  2. Bun 小圆面包

  A bun is a round bread with a flat bottom and a rounded top. Buns are sometimes also called rolls. They're most commonly used for sandwiches or hamburgers.

  小圆面包是一种平底圆头的面包。圆面包有时候也被叫做面包卷。它们最常用在三明治或汉堡包里。

  3. Muffin 松饼

  A muffin is somewhere between a small cake and a sweet bread. Some fast food restaurants sell them for breakfast, and they’re delicious when eaten with a coffee.

  松饼大约介于小蛋糕和甜面包之间。一些快餐店会把它们当早餐出售,配着咖啡吃很美味。

  4. Scone 司康饼

  More common in England, a scone is a small, lightly sweetened bread, often served with fruit and tea.

  在英国更为常见,司康饼是一种小而微甜的面包,通常与水果和茶配在一起吃。

  5. Biscuit 饼干

  In North America, a biscuit is a small, round, unsweetened, soft bread. In the UK and Ireland, a biscuit or bisquit is hard and sweet, more like an American cookie. Knowing this can prevent disappointment!

  在北美,小饼干是一种小而圆,不甜的软面包。在英国和爱尔兰,饼干则又硬又甜,更像美国的曲奇。了解这些可以避免与期望不符,感到失望。

  Side Dishes

  配菜

  1. Sides 配菜

  The main part of a meal is called the main dish. Smaller items and snacks that are served with the main dish are called side dishes or sides.

  一顿饭的主要部分被称为主菜,配在一起吃的稍小一些的菜品和零食被称为配菜(side dishes or sides)。

  2. Condiments 佐料

  In addition to getting your meal, fast food places also have a range of condiments. Condiments are sauces and other things that are added after food is cooked to add to or enhance its flavor. Some condiments you probably know are ketchup, mustard, hot sauce, salt and pepper.

  为了准备你的餐点,快餐店也有许多佐料。佐料是酱料和一些其他的东西,能在食物做好之后添加进去或者让味道更好。下面这些佐料你可能知道:番茄酱、芥末酱、辣酱、盐和胡椒粉。

  3. Dressing 沙拉酱

  No, this isn't about putting on clothes! Salad dressing is the sauce you add to salad for flavor, like ranch dressing.

  这可和穿衣服无关!沙拉酱是可以添加进沙拉里提味的酱料,比如田园沙拉酱。

  4. French fries 炸薯条

  French fries are thinly sliced potato pieces which are fried or deep fried (covered completely in oil during cooking). They're usually served with ketchup or other condiments like BBQ (barbecue) sauce. In England, french fries are called chips, while in America the word chips is used to refer to thin potato crisps.

  炸薯条是炸过或者油炸(制作的时候完全被油覆盖)的细长的马铃薯条。它们通常配番茄酱或其他类似烤肉酱之类的佐料一起吃。在英国,炸薯条被称为薯条,而在美国chips这个词则被用来指代薄薄的马铃薯片。

  5. Hash browns 洋葱土豆煎饼

  Hash browns are another potato side dish. They're made of potatoes and onions, which are cut into small slices, mixed together, shaped into a thin cake and fried until brown and crispy.

  洋葱土豆煎饼是另一道土豆配菜。它们由土豆和洋葱制成,土豆和洋葱被切成小块,搅拌在一起,摊成薄饼开始炸,直到它们变成棕色,口感酥脆。

  6. Onion rings 洋葱圈

  Onion rings are cut onion circles that are deep fried into a crunchy, tasty treat.

  洋葱圈是切好的洋葱圈,经过油炸,变成松脆美味的菜品。

  Types of Meat

  肉类

  1. Burger 汉堡

  A burger, short for hamburger, is a patty made of meat (or tofu, in the case of vegetarian burgers).burger是hamburger的简称,是由肉(或者素食汉堡里的豆腐)制作成的肉饼。

  Burgers are usually served on buns with tomato and onion. The most common meat used to make hamburgers is beef. Although the ham in hamburgers makes it seem like burgers are made of pork, they can actually be made of pretty much any meat including turkey, beef and even chicken.

  汉堡通常和带有土豆和洋葱的圆面包配在一起。制作汉堡最常用的肉是牛肉。尽管hamburger里的ham让它看起来像是用猪肉制作的,实际上它们可以用各种肉制作,包括火鸡肉、牛肉,甚至鸡肉。

  2. Chicken nuggets 炸鸡块

  Chicken nuggets are small pieces of chicken that are soft on the inside and crispy on the outside.

  炸鸡块是小块鸡肉,外酥里嫩。

  3. Sausage 香肠

  A sausage is a long piece of processed meat, usually served with breakfast platters and sandwiches. The most common meat for sausage is pork, but turkey and chicken sausage is good too.

  香肠是一长条加工过的肉,通常与餐托盘和三明治配在一起。最常用来制作香肠的肉是猪肉,但火鸡和鸡肉腊肠也不错。

  4. Hot dog 热狗

  A hot dog is a type of sausage that has a distinctly long and thin shape. Hot dogs are usually served in a long bun with ketchup, mustard and relish (a condiment made with pickles).

  热狗是一种腊肠,很明显的瘦长型。热狗通常和涂了番茄酱、芥末酱和风味佐料(一种由泡菜制成的佐料)的长条面包配在一起吃。

  5. Bacon 培根(熏肉)

  Bacon is a very flavorful, thin slice of meat that's fried and usually served with breakfast dishes, especially with eggs.

  培根是很美味的薄片肉,是油炸的,而且通常和早餐配在一起吃,尤其和是鸡蛋搭配。

  6. Angus beef 安格斯牛肉

  Some fast food restaurants boast that they serve Angus beef. Angus beef comes from a specific type of cow and is known for being flavorful and tender (soft). Keep in mind that some fast food restaurants mix their Angus beef with other, less expensive cuts of beef!

  一些快餐店会夸口店里提供安格斯牛肉。安格斯牛肉产自一种特殊的牛,以肉质松软美味知名。记住,有些快餐店会把安格斯牛肉和其他便宜的牛肉混在一起。

  (来源:沪江英语)

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