雅思听力:听力中的时态考点的秘密
新东方 2016-09-20 11:23 浏览2579次

  雅思听力选择题中,那些时态考点题,你会做吗?下面新东方在线刘丽老师就给大家解读一下雅思听力中时态的秘密所在。

  在雅思听力考试过程中,题干中可能经常会出现一些表示时态的单词:

  剑桥11 test 2 section 2 中13/14题

  Which Two facilities does the theatre currently [1] offer to the public?

  A. rooms for hire

  B. backstage tours

  C. hire of costumes

  D. a book shop

  E. a cafe

  15/16题

  Which Two workshops does the theatre currently [2] offer?

  A. sound

  B. acting

  C. making puppets

  D. make-up

  E. lighting

  剑桥8 test 1 section 2中19/20题

  Which Two activities can students do after the tour at present?[3]

  A. build model dinosaurs

  B. watch film

  C. draw dinosaurs

  D. find dinosaur eggs

  E. play computer games

  剑桥8 test 2 section 2中19题

  What can you see in the park at the present [4] time?

  A. the arrival of wild birds

  B. fruit tree blossom

  C. a demonstration of fishing

  剑桥7 test 4section2中12题

  theoriginal [5] buildings on the site were

  A. leisure

  B. apartment blocks

  C. a sports center

  从这些题中我们可以看出,前两道题都出现了currently, 第三,第四道题at present, 第五道出现original,它们都是表示时间的词,都是选择题中题干出现的限定词,也是这些题中的考点词。

  比如说第一道题which Two facilities does the theatre currently offer to the public?哪两个设施是theatre 目前提供给公众的?那我们要选择选项中包含现在时间词的选项,录音中可能还会出现将来时间进行干扰,所以计划,打算,不久将开放的就是干扰项。

  根据录音:so we 're looking into the possibility to open a cafe in due course. (in due course 在适当的时候)排除E

  there are 2 large rooms will be decorated next month, and they"ll be available for hire. 排除A

  we're also considering hiring out costumes. 排除C

  所以排除法就可以做出来了。以上干扰句中都出现了将来时间词。

  而答案句:

  one way is by organizing backstage tour, so people can be shown around the building and learn how a theatre operates.

  we have a bookshop which specializes in books about drama and that attracts plenty of customers.

  都是一般现在时。

  第二道题:题干出现currently,问现在情况

  所以根据录音:we intend to learn run courses in acting, but we're waiting until we've got the right people in place as trainers.出现将来时间排除B

  we're going to start sound next month.出现将来时间词可以排除A。

  a number of people have enquired about workshops on make-up, that's something we're considering for the future.排除C

  答案句中:our lighting workshop has already started with great success.

  a surprise success is the workshop on making puppets……it is so popular we're now running them very month. 是现在完成时或者现在时。

  那么我们来总结一下考试中常见的时间时态词:

  过去的时间词:original/originally / previous/ previously / former/ initially/ first / last / used to do / ago/ before / did /past

  现在的时间词:current/currently/ at present/ at the moment / now/ recently / have already done

  将来的时间词:future/ be about to do/ be going to do / next / be considering / plan to do / intend to do / be thinking of / soon /

  所以做做时态型的选择题时,我们审题时一定要注意题干中限定的时间词,如果是现在的,那么一般会大量用将来进行干扰。而答案句对应也是现在时或现在完成时。如果审题中题干时过去限定词,那么常用过去时间对应,当然也会部分出现干扰。题干中直接出线一般将来时的题很少,基本上都在问过去或者现在的情况。学员要牢记常见时间词,进行同意替换或者进行干扰排除,这类题就迎刃而解了。

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