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揭穿那些伪语录:6句甘地从未说过的箴言(双语)
沪江英语 2015-08-17 11:47 浏览2038次

We love quotes from famous dead people. Words just sound more important when they’re coming from the mouths of important historical figures. And when we need that extra dash of moral authority, Mahatma Gandhi is one of the most quotable. But as Gandhi once said, “Half my quotes on Pinterest are fake。”


我们都爱引用已故名人所说过的话。历史名人嘴里说出来的话听起来更有分量。当我们需要多一些道德上的权威,圣雄甘地是被引用最多的一个。但正如甘地本人所说,“Pinterest(以图片展示和分享而闻名的社交媒体网站)上有一半引用我说的话都是假的。”


Below we have seven quotes that you may have seen attributed to Gandhi on social media recently. But they’re all fake。


以下是最近你能在社交媒体上看到宣称是来自甘地的7个名言(其实不然)。


1. Be the change you wish to see in the world。


要想改变世界,就先改变自己。


This is perhaps the most famous fake Gandhi quote on the internet. But there’s no evidence he actually said those exact words. The New York Times pointed out in 2011 that the quote is conveniently short enough to fit on a bumper sticker, but it’s merely paraphrasing something Gandhi actually said。


这或许是网络上最为人所知的甘地的伪名言。而事实上并没有证据表明甘地确实说了这句话。《纽约时报》曾在2011年时指出,这句引言简短精炼刚好能贴在汽车保险杠的贴纸上,但这仅是转述甘地曾经说过的话。


2. An eye for an eye will make the whole world blind。


以眼还眼只会让整个世界变得盲目。


According to the Yale Book of Quotations:


根据《耶鲁大学名言手册》:


“‘An eye for an eye leaves the whole world blind’ is frequently attributed to M. K. Gandhi. The Gandhi Institute for Nonviolence states that the Gandhi family believes it is an authentic Gandhi quotation, but no example of its use by the Indian leader has ever been discovered。”


“‘以眼还眼只会让整个世界变得盲目。’这句话经常会被认为是圣雄甘地的名言。甘地非暴力研究所称,甘地的家人认为这句话确实为甘地所说,但目前我们并没有找到任何这名印度领导人说过这句话的例证。”


3. Live as if you were to die tomorrow; learn as if you were to live forever。


珍惜生命吧,就像明天你就要死去一样;学习吧,就好像你可以永远活下去一样。


Versions of this quote show up in print as early as 1867, where it is more commonly repeated as “Study as if you were to die tomorrow.。。” rather than “live。” Gandhi was born in 1869, making it impossible that this quote originated with him。


这句引言早在1867年就已出版,一开始通常是说“学习吧,就像你明天就要死去一样…”而不是“珍惜生命吧。” 甘地出生于1869年,所以说这句话不可能是他说的。


4. First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win。


一开始他们无视你,接着嘲笑你,进而打击你,但最终你胜利了。


No, Gandhi never said this one either. This quote actually appears to come from an American labor organizer named Nicholas Klein who was making a speech at a convention in 1918:


不,甘地也没有说过这句话。这句话事实上似乎是一位名叫尼古拉斯·克莱的美国劳动组织者在1918年的一次会议演讲上说的。


“First they ignore you. Then they ridicule you. And then they attack you and want to burn you. And then they build monuments to you。”


“一开始他们无视你,接着讥讽你,进而攻击你想烧毁你。但这样一来他们为你建立了丰碑。”


5. I like your Christ. I do not like your Christians. Your Christians are so unlike your Christ。


我爱耶稣,但我不喜欢基督徒。你们基督徒跟耶稣相比差太远了。


This quote has actually become popular in some Christian circles to implore followers that they should “be like Jesus。” But there’s no evidence that Gandhi ever said this。


这句话在基督交友圈子十分流行,常被用于鼓励追随者们“像耶稣那样行事”。但并没有证据证明甘地曾说过这句话。


A similar quote appears to be from an Indian philosopher named Bara Dada. The full quote from Dada appears to be from the mid-1920s: “Jesus is ideal and wonderful, but you Christians, you are not like him。”


印度哲学家巴拉·达达曾说过类似的一句话。1920年代中期左右,达达曾这样说过:“耶稣是理想和完美的,但基督徒们,你们不像他。”


6. Interviewer: “What do you think of Western Civilization?” Gandhi: “I think it would be a good idea。”


采访者:“你是如何看待西方文明的?” 甘地:“我认为这主意不错。”


This is another incredibly famous quote that has been linked to Gandhi for decades。


这又是另一句几十年来被认为是甘地说过的话。


The first known mention of this quote is in a CBS documentary from 1967, nearly 20 years after Gandhi’s death。


一开始提到这句话的是1967年CBS(美国哥伦比亚广播公司)的纪录片,几乎是在甘地逝世20年后了。


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