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从95到108 我的3周复习备考之路 (先G后T 重点听力)
寄托天下 2014-04-10 10:21 浏览3946次
[color=#000000][font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]由于我在今年223考个GRE 所以真正提高的 尤其是听力和口语这两部分的时间只有考完GRE之后的3周时间。[/font] [size=2][font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]阅读[/font][/size] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]我在一战之前复习过GRE,做过很多GRE的阅读,所以再做托福阅读的时候,读懂文章应该不算是什么大问题。所以版里大多数先G后T也是很有道理的。[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]要想取得高分需要注意两点:[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]1、不要过度推理,大多数题目都可以根据所给段落的文章找到答案。不要掺杂其他段落或者文章中没有出现的思想。所以我的建议是[/font][font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]不需要先浏览文章。先读题,再读对应的段落,然后解题[/font][font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif] 除了每篇文章的最后一题,其他的题目都不需要全文的综合,这样可以保证快速外加不受干扰。[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]2、熟记基本的单词。很多我认识的27 28的同学,都是错在了单词题上面了。托福阅读的单词题很诡异,如果你把选项的4个意思带入文章中,你会感觉都是正确的,甚至真正错误的答案还比正确的答案更加通顺。解决这种问题的办法只有一个[/font][font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]熟记单词[/font][font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]。幸好托福的单词题都比较简单,80%的词汇不会超过六级要求,所以这些单词也是大家应该掌握的。[/font] [size=2][font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]听力[/font][/size] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]下面着重介绍一下我的听力经验。[/font][font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]适合听力24-25左右的同学,其他同学还是先从听写TPO练起[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]一战的时候我感觉自己的听力状态很好,从TPO25-27都是全对,结果考得不满意。感觉自己还没有真正的抓住听力文章的脉络及考点。[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]因为我的笔速很慢(高中的时候,老师让抄一篇文章什么的我总是全班最后一个写完的),所以我在听听力的时候是不记笔记的。[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]有人一定会想,不记笔记也能考30,那是不是要有ben神的记忆力啊。事实上,托福的听力的出题点都是有迹可循的,记住最关键的地方已经文章的脉络,其他的细节有个印象就可以了。下面是TPO31里的Ancient Greek Music这篇文章,先上文本[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]Narrator[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]Listen to part of a lecture in a music class.[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]Professor [/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]Today we are going to do something a little different. In the past few classes, we’ve listened to traditional music from around the world and we’ve talked about the characteristics of these music, what makes these styles distinctive, what kinds of instruments are used. And you’ve talked about what sounds familiar to you and what sounds strange. And many of you found some of what we’ve listened to very strange indeed. [/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]Well, today I want to start talking about western music and I am going to start in ancient Greece. But, now here’s the part that’s different. [/font][font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]We’re not going to talk very much about the actual music. Instead, we are going to talk about what the Greeks believed about music.[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]Now, there are some very good reasons to approach the material in this way. First, well, we don’t have very much ancient Greek music studied. [/font][font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]Only about 45 pieces survived…uh…these are mostly records of poems and songs. And we are not sure how well we can reproduce the melodies or rhythms, because they were apparently improvised in many cases. So we really don’t know all that much about what the music sounded like. [/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]What we do know about - [/font][font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]and this really is the most important reason I am approaching today’s lecture the way I am - is the Greek philosophy about music and its continuing influence on western attitudes toward music. [/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]Now, if we’re going to understand the philosophy, we have to first understand that music for the Greeks was about much more than entertainment. Yes, there was music at festivals and we have sculptures and paintings showing people listening to music for many of the same reasons that we do. But this isn’t the whole story.[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]The important thing about music was that it was governed by rules, mathematical rules. And for those of you who are also studying music theory, you’ll see that it is in fact highly mathematical. [/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]Um…and for the Greeks, the same mathematical principles that govern music also govern the universe as well as the human character, the essence of personality. People’s characters were believed to be very sensitive to music. If you started playing around with the rules, you know, messing up the mathematical order, you could do serious harm. That’s why music was considered so powerful. If you knew the rules, it could do great good. But if you broke them, you could do great harm to the character of the listener. [/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]So, we have this Greek idea that music is directly related to human character and behavior. [/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]The philosopher, Plato, talks about this in the context of education.[/font][font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif] For Plato, music is an important element in education, but only the right kind of music. That means the kind of music that builds the kind of character a good citizen or a future leader would need.[/font][font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif] Yes. For Plato, there is a kind of music that instills the qualities of leadership, just as there is a kind of music that makes a person soft and weak. [/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]Now, Plato has very specific, very conventional kinds of music in mind. He is not fond of innovation. There were musicians in Plato’s day who were experimenting with different melodies and rhythms. A definite no-no for Plato. He thinks that breaking with tradition leads to all sorts of social problems, serious problems, even the breakdown of the fabric of society. [/font][font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]I am thinking back now to when I first started listening to rock ‘n’ roll and I remember my father saying it was a bad influence on us. I think he would have gotten along well with Plato. [/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]Anyway, I don’t need to tell you what I think about Plato’s ideas about innovation, do I?[/font][font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif] Though I have to say it’s interesting that the same arguments against new music and art are still being made. Perhaps like the Greeks, we recognize, and maybe even fear the power of music. [/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]这是一篇经典的艺术类的文章,在TPO听力中难度也算是中上了。那么哪些内容该是我们重点注意的呢?[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]1、文章的主旨[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]听力lecture中文章的主旨是必考题,每篇lecture都会有一道。[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]记住这些短语[/font][font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]today,we gonna talk about[/font][font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif] [/font][font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]last week,we talked about blablabla. However....[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]后面的就是答案。见文章中红色的字体,这是我们应该注意的地方。[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]2、教授列举理由、特性、方法的地方[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]这里要记下来reasons。比如[/font][font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]Why should we blablabla? First[/font][font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]或者[/font][font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]there are three reasons blablabla[/font][font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]当一听到这些标志词语的时候,就应该记下后面关键的点。见文章中黄色部分[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]3、教授强调的地方[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]这也是一定会出题的地方。如同每学期期末考试之前,学生们都会央求着老师划重点。什么是重点,就是老师上课强调的地方。ETS出听力题目的目的是为了模拟实际上课的情形,以及考察学生去美国听课的能力。所以教授强调的内容,也就是ETS出题者强调的内容。废话不多说了。注意这些短语[/font][font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]Most important,[/font][font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif] [/font][font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]What you should know is blablabla[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]如文章中的蓝色部分[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]4、教授解释概念的地方[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]教授先提出一个名词,或者某人的一个看法,然后解释这个概念或者阐述他的看法。这也是出题的重点。常见标志性词语:[/font][font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]that means[/font][font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif] 见文章中绿色的地方。[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]5、教授举例子的作用[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]教授举例子的细节不需要记忆,但是例子的作用是ETS常考的地方。见文章中橙色的地方。[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]6、教授自己的观点[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]这种题目的出题概率仅次于文章的主旨题,而且往往和重听题放在一起考。需要注意的短语很简单,基本都是I think之类的。同样是文章中橙色的地方。[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]7、文章的结尾[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]由于可以看到时间条,当听力文章快要到结尾的时候最需要注意。[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]下面看看这篇lecture后面的题目[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]Q6 what is the main topic of the lecture?[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]Q7 what two reasons does the professor give for approaching the[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]lecture material as he does? Click on 2 answers[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]Q8 according to the professor, what did the ancient Greek believe[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]about music?[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]Q9 according to the professor, what was Plato’s attitude toward[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]music?[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]Q10 why does the professor mention rock’n’roll music?[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]Q11 why does the professor say this? 见文章紫色部分。[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]可以看到题目的答案都在之前的重点里面,所以掌握了重点,就掌握了听力考试。[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]其他的重点还有两种事物的不同点,相同点,学生提出问题的解答等等。这些都会出现在ETS的考题里面。[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]练习方法:仔细分析TPO里面每一篇的出题点和出题思路,找准关键词。当你这样做了10个TPO之后就会发现,你可以自己去命题了。[/font] [size=2][font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]口语[/font][/size] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]口语就不多说了,提高都是看robin的那篇精华贴了。自己准备了好几个段子,准备去考场上说,结果考得蛮偏的也没有用上。[/font] [size=2][font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]作文[/font][/size] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]综合写作:[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]尽量多记得一些听力中的细节,这和做听力部分是不一样的。不漏点是最低要求,最好记下来一些例子,数字之类的细节。然后写在文章中,这样更充实一些。[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]独立写作看看三次考试都30分的terry大神的建议。[/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]最后感谢寄托,尤其要感谢robin,terry还有1313的口语录音,录得真的太棒了。 [/font] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif]感谢我最最亲爱的gf @candy_shmily 杀T的每天都陪我在图书馆里面,给我鼓励,给我希望。[/font][/color] [color=#000000][font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif] [/font][/color] [font=Verdana, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif][color=#000000]原文作者:heroic00 原文链接:[url]http://bbs.gter.net/thread-1713193-1-2.html[/url] 寄托天下原创 转载请注明出处 [/color][/font]
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