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寄托版友的GRE阅读笔记
本站原创 2011-08-31 21:31 浏览3845次
接受szmanutd斑竹的建议,开始第二遍刷黄皮阅读,突然发现自己对阅读有了一种新的理解和感受,于是就阅读黄皮书的第一篇短阅读做了笔记,以期和大家交流讨论,同时以此帖表达对szmanutd斑竹的感谢。+ l2 A$ P, g) r[b]不过本人菜鸟一只,欢迎路过大侠们批评指教!这些想法也不成熟,欢迎大家交流讨论!' U) T2 ) u4 M9 l6 d! K' Y6 c[b]我突然发现,GRE阅读中有大量的重复信息和无用信息,我认为这是拖延我们宝贵时间的一大因素![b]$ R6 Y4 K8 J$ D' I这篇文章的五句话:[b]8 Z0 t# W* ~8 s1 r& D: w. D+ FGreat comic art is never otherwordly, it does not seek to mystify us, and it does not deny ambiguity by branding as evil whatever differs from good. [b]: L) A/ S h4 m. x/ M- 这句话其实只表达了一个意思:Great comic art is never otherwordly。后面的两个分句就是耗费时间的重复信息:! C/ M( O# K3 O' z) L# e[b]does not seek to mystify us= never otherwordly0 c! v q7 b( ^6 M. q[b]it does not deny ambiguity…= never otherworldly3 e9 R9 t' n- ^% k6 ~4 @. j[b]这就是把一句话正着说一次,反着说两次,于是乎接受一条信息的时间延长了3倍。[b]* B# l2 l/ B' z& }Great comic artists assume that truth may bear all lights, and thus they seek to accentuate contradictions in social action, not gloss over j7 W: c1 U3 b; N4 x[b]or transcend them by appeals to extrasocial symbols of divine ends, cosmic purpose, or laws of nature.[b]9 _# B; F3 B, ^( P# d和第一句的把戏一样,这句话not后面的半句是对前半句的重复,于是接受信息的时间又长了一倍。[b] O4 }8 O" ]9 U/ t1 d前半句,只要发现assume that truth may bear all lights= never otherwordly,就会发现这条信息给了一个因果关系:[b]) |$ f5 j* J: # r7 K4 y1 G" o6 X∵never otherworldly7 L0 p* E( g- n2 g[b]∴accentuate contradictions in social action$ x. s$ l5 h4 ]% p( u2 s* p, g8 z[b]再换个思维看,是不是accentuate contradictions in social action也是个never otherworldly,于是有因为never otherworldly,所以never otherworldly. M# q1 V( A `$ a( Z[b]一个貌似长难句的东西就是——一句废话! [b]9 z# n: k+ F4 z3 c" ] I: w[b]+ I' `; L9 ^0 c, ?The moment of transcendence in great comic art is a social moment, born out of the conviction that we are human, even though we try to be gods.* R8 R! a. n, w; |[b]这句话的前半句是一个等号,其实就是comic art= social …,然后呢,这个social= never otherwordly,后半句 we are human= never otherwordly,看懂了,这是在重复第一句Great comic art is never otherworldly。[b], ~2 Z1 A' o4 Q4 d2 这个even though, 都知道让步不是重点。5 E' a- _6 _1 X/ J[b]又是一条重复信息。不过我觉的应该提防even though 出细节题。; e2 q; q( ~8 D[b]4 n u5 l- T& B3 W: A' L[b]The comic community to which artists address themselves is a community of reasoning, loving, joyful, compassionate beings, who are willing to assume the human risks of acting rationally./ E* a8 M W3 q6 O' g/ `$ & B[b]这句话前半句又是在重复第一句吧reasoning, loving, joyful这些东西是暗指never otherwordly的,后半句给出了第二个信息willing to assume the human risks of acting rationally,即标榜comic art的理性。[b]& X* Q) N; u: k- P7 @1 `6 p; q. M; E* X3 d 8 B: B9 z) H4 T: a[b]Without invoking gods or demons, great comic art arouses courage in reason, courage which grows out of trust in what human beings can do as humans.[b]2 y) t" U3 4 y这句话,第一分句gods or demons其实是指otherwordly,于是又在重复第一句。0 Z: a; K. c2 ~7 |% Q4 ?, h; [* m[b]第二分句重复第二条信息,即comic art标榜reason[b]1 u3 q F3 C9 U& y( k, 7 h第三个分句,又是一个never otherwordly。[b]- O3 j: E% z# u5 X, n+ ]=============================================================[b]0 N H$ ~' y8 [# H* H' " {: l) S3 f综上所述,这篇文章就是在重复comic art的两条信息: never otherwordly和 标榜reason。[b]$ V" : s. {) x8 Z& ?' B/ z所有的句子看完,然后再来看题,不会做才怪![b]4 h1 W# G; r. W17.# t! s% A( V1 l' d2 k[b]The passage suggests that great comic art can be characterized as optimistic about the ability of humans to7 p( L2 m3 _1 H$ h[b](A) rid themselves of pride[b]* D" G/ r: c f9 Y- M8 h& I4 @(B) transcend the human condition( J% J F+ a* t, s[b](C) differentiate clearly between good and evil[b]& t% U j% y, p& 6 a/ b' z9 A(D) avoid social conflicts[b]3 e6 F7 z# g. _/ x; T# {+ t! j1 v" F(E) act rationally[b]7 b6 e. s; h" z# I) V这是问comic art在标榜什么吧……[b]; u, a6 t6 b3 O) L( {; l18.. H: E" T( n% `9 _[b]It can be inferred from the passage that the author admires great comic artists primarily for their[b]. D, n# h" Y8 A2 Z% T' t, H% V(A) ability to understand the frequently subtle differences between good and evil# k. I0 O, s8 x, G% j' e# k[b](B) ability to reconcile the contradictions in human behavior- ]# [8 |2 n8 f[b](C) ability to distinguish between rational and irrational behavior[b]$ V" J2 m7 E) o(D) insistence on confronting the truth about the human condition0 G8 N% W8 f/ [% e8 {[b][b]4 a8 B$ z2 E( t- g! E* O(E) insistence on condemning human faults and weaknesses: @! t2 G S1 E9 {4 k& @6 p[b]这问的是重复最多的那句话吧……[b]$ H6 z0 Q& ]8 p& N- U19.% E/ V! R; o, K4 [( R2 x[b]Which of the following is the most accurate description of the organization of the passage?[b]2 M+ c* y- L B( W# X6 _(A) A sequence of observations leading to a prediction[b]( k' F/ d7 E9 R0 i& ~5 1 w( t9 b% V+ C(B) A list of inferences drawn from facts stated at the beginning of the passage[b], w; C7 ^ A& o! Z8 L9 Y(C) A series of assertions related to one general subject* q8 ~6 Q4 F+ 5 [' K$ ^: {1 D, C[b](D) A statement of the major idea, followed by specific examples[b]$ B6 d; A# _9 E(E) A succession of ideas moving from specific to general[b]9 z. e3 y X( U2 O& ' |[b]& @3 r- V, }! U5 H6 k( j* K作者把两句话讲来讲去,还能是什么呢……( ~# @( m+ d% v f! h# a& S[b][b]- _" n) W' Z4 _1 O3 P/ ]我的理解可能有些偏颇,欢迎路过的大侠指教!
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